피에르 자크 볼레르(Pierre-Jacques Volaire)

1729년 프랑스 툴롱 출생 - 1790년 사망

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French painter. He was born into a family of artists in Toulon: his grandfather Jean (c. 1660-1721) was a decorator of naval vessels and painter of religious works; his father, Jacques Volaire (1685-1768), was official painter of Toulon between 1729 and 1766 and in 1745 was commissioned to paint a large Glory of the Holy Sacrament (Toulon Cathedral); his uncle Fran?ois-Alexis (1699-1775) was also a painter, and his cousin Marie-Anne (1730-1806) was a portrait painter. In 1755 Volaire is documented (as 'le fils') working on the restoration of paintings in Toulon Cathedral. In September 1754 Joseph Vernet arrived in Toulon. He was painting a series of topographical views of the major French seaports for Louis XV. Almost certainly Vernet took on Volaire as an assistant in 1754 or 1755, although this is not documented until 1759. Volaire's role in the series of ports is unknown; it may have been merely mechanical, but he could have provided expert knowledge of the military port of Toulon and French naval life. From his master Volaire learned a sharp sense of observation, a lively technique and care in the design and lighting of a painting. He was Vernet's most inventive follower, not content to copy his master's well-tried formulae but prepared to adapt to new aesthetic criteria.

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    Karlsruhe, Staatliche Kunsthalle.

    Karlsruhe, Staatliche Kunsthalle.

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    Eruption of Mount Vesuvius

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    Seascape with Fisherman on a Rocky Shore

    1774, Pastel on paper stretched on canvas, Hermitage Museum